Some people wanted to run the country on the basis of religion, so they wanted to make a separate country from India. In 1947 they got a country named Pakistan. Since the separation from India, there was a desire of Pakistan’s army to occupy Indian land. They believed that defeating the Indian army is an easy task. To fulfill this desire, the Pakistani army tried to enter the Kargil district of India in 1999.
In this article, know how the Pakistan army broke the peace agreement and infiltrated India and how the Indian army drove them to their country.
Why Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated every 26th of July?
The Pakistani army had planned to break the Shimla Agreement and occupy the Indian land. Pakistan General Musharraf’s plan was that he would occupy the Shrinagar-Leh highway so that the sea could be captured. After the Indian Army came to know about this, the Indian Army launched a war campaign against Pakistan. For 60 days, the Indian army fought the war against Pakistan and won.
The Indian army hoisted the ‘Tiranga’ on the top of Kargil with its bravery. ‘Kargil Vijay Diwas’ is celebrated on 26th July to remember the sacrifice and valor of the Indian Army.
When the Kargil war took place, the Prime Minister of India was ‘Atal Bihari Vajpayee’. The Prime Minister of India wanted that both countries should leave the war and move forward on the path of development. That’s why ‘Atal Bihari Vajpayee’ extended a hand of friendship toward Pakistan. To take the friendship forward, the Prime Minister of India went to Lahore by bus.
On February 21, 1999, an agreement was signed between the two countries, in which it was decided that issues like Kashmir would be settled by both countries by talk. On one hand, Pakistan was talking about peace and on the other hand, Pakistan’s army was plotting against India called Operation Badra.
In winter, the temperature in the mountains drops to -30 to -40 degrees Celsius. Under the Shimla Agreement, it was decided between India and Pakistan that in the month of October, the armies of both countries would leave the post and would return to their post between May-June after the winter was over. In 1998, when the Indian Army left the post and returned during the winter, the Pakistan Army remained there under ‘Operation Badra’ and captured the Indian post.
India achieved the victory in Kargil
In 1999, on the one hand, Pakistan was talking about peace, and on the other hand, Pakistan’s army had captured India’s post in Kargil. There was a shepherd named ‘Tashi Namgyal’ in the area of Kargil. He had bought a new yak. On 2 May 1999, when he did not see his yak, he reached the top of Kargil while searching for it. He saw the Pakistani army which captured India’s Kargil post. He told this to the Indian Army the next day.
Indian army immediately carried out a war campaign against Pakistan. This war lasted for 60 days and the Indian army won the victory. In this war, 527 brave soldiers sacrificed their lives for India. For showing valor in victory in this war, ‘Vikram Batra’ of India received the ‘Param Vir Chakra’ posthumously, which is the highest military decoration of the Republic of India.